Like other blood vessels, veins are prone to a serious disease called venous insufficiency. Alternatively referred to as a venous reflux disease, this condition is the leading cause of varicose veins and spider veins. Once it starts to develop, some symptoms emerge too: leg swelling, cramping, throbbing or burning pain, itching and heaviness in the legs. If no medical action is taken at this point, the disease will continue to the next stages. Before you know, you will be treating painful leg ulcers, venous eczema and deep vein thrombosis among others.
But, there is one question that most people ask: can venous insufficiency be cured? According to the most reputable vein specialists in the U.S, including Dr. Caroline Novak, a venous reflux disease is treatable. There are modern approaches that are less invasive and extremely effective. Prior to suggesting surgery, your vein doctor New Jersey will offer these treatment options and observe the outcome. You might undergo vein surgery, however, if you have severe leg ulcers.
Venous insufficiency – What is it about?
This condition affects your veins. These are blood vessels that return deoxygenated blood from your body tissues to the heart. Leg veins work against the force of gravity, meaning that they pump blood upward in the direction of your heart. Within the veins there is a sequence of one-way valves that open to let blood pass and then close to stop it from flowing backward. When these valves fail to function properly due to an injury or a disease, the normal flow of blood in the veins is interrupted. Instead of closing fully, they will shut partly and this will let some of the blood to leak through and pool in the affected vein.
As more and more blood pools in the vein, it will cause pressure buildup. In return, the vein walls will swell and enlarge and this will mark the beginning of varicose veins development. The inability of the valves to close fully, causing blood leakage is what venous insufficiency is all about. Once this condition starts developing, it will keep on worsening and causing terrible complications. Seeing a good vein doctor New Jersey area is important if you start noticing strange symptoms in legs.
What symptoms will I notice?
There are early and late-stage signs of venous insufficiency. Hence, people are advised to seek the best laser for spider veins as soon as they notice weird leg symptoms. The early ones include:
- Spider veins –These are small veins with a red or blue color. Typically affecting thighs, calves and/or feet, spider veins are a form of varicose veins. The only unique thing about them is that they are so tiny; they look like blood capillaries. Spider veins can trigger annoying symptoms: itching, night leg cramps, restless leg syndrome, and burning pain and so on. They tend to worsen in summer months due to extreme heat. Seen as a less serious cosmetic problem, spider veins don’t always need treatment. However, the best laser for spider veins can be sought to get rid of these.
- Varicose veins –These are larger than spider veins and are called trunk varicose veins. They appear big, swollen and knotted on the surface of the skin. As a result, most people feel too embarrassed to expose their legs. If you have trunk varicose veins, the best thing to do is to get in touch with a vein doctor New Jersey. They will carry out a diagnosis and suggest the most appropriate treatment methods.
Other symptoms that you will see will be because you have varicose veins. For instance, you might notice that your ankles are swollen in the evenings and are feeling painful and restless. As your varicosities worsen, you might feel throbbing or burning pain that might get better when you take a rest and raise your legs. Unlike spider veins, varicose veins must be treated as they as a result of having venous insufficiency. You need to meet a reputable vein doctor New Jersey, therefore, and prevent your venous disease from worsening.
Late stage venous insufficiency symptoms
If you taken too long to seek medical help, your venous insufficiency will worsen. It will become so serious that new symptoms will start emerging. These will complicate the whole scenario and treatment will be harder. These symptoms include the following:
- Venous ulcers – These ulcers are painful open wounds that form right above your ankles area. If ulcers form on the feet area, chances are that these are diabetic wounds and require closer inspection. On the other hand, ulcers that form on the lower leg are mostly related to chronic venous insufficiency. But, can venous insufficiency be cured at this stage? This being the most advanced stage of venous reflux disease, the best a vein specialist can do is to try and cure your wounds first. If there is an infection, they will prescribe some antibiotics to end it. Nonetheless, the cause of the wounds will not be eliminated by antibiotics. More advanced wound management approaches will be applied, including vein surgery.
- Venous eczema –Also called varicose dermatitis, this skin problem affects the lower part of your leg. It causes the skin to change its texture, color and overall appearance. Skin that once looked so soft and pretty will become fibrous, tough, dry and flaky. It might as well become stained and dull-looking.
- Bleeding – When one has venous insufficiency, their leg skin becomes thinner and prone to bruising and bleeding. If you notice that your abnormal leg vein is bleeding, call a reliable vein doctor New Jersey
- Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) – Chronic venous insufficiency can trigger blood clots formation in your deep veins. Clots can block the blood flow and if they loosen and travel to the lung, you could develop a condition called pulmonary embolism and risk losing your life. It is important to always keep in touch with the provider of the best laser for spider veins as they can save your life if you develop severe DVT. A condition that can be triggered by being immobile for too long due to surgery or disease, DVT may not cause any symptom at all. When symptoms are present, they might include leg swelling, a feeling of fullness in legs and excessive pressure buildup. The area where a clot is blocking blood flow might appear red and there might be leg cramps at night. Pain can also be felt in the ball of the foot and at this point, it would be wise to get in touch with a vein doctor New Jersey.
There is also likelihood that the lower part of your leg will start to get thinner and harder due to fat loss. As you can see, only bad things will happen to you if you take too long to visit a clinic that offers the best laser for spider veins. If you take a quick action now, you can stop these complications from affecting you in future.
How venous insufficiency is detected
How will you know that what you are seeing are actual venous insufficiency symptoms? The only way to find this out is to see a well-educated professional doctor like Dr. Carly Guthrie. She will set an appointment date and ask you to come over to her office. During examination, the vein doctor New Jersey will first ask about your medical history. She will want to find out the diseases you are treating now or those you have treated in the past. Additionally, they will ask you about your family history with varicose veins.
Are there people in your lineage who suffer from varicosities? If yes, your favorite vein doctor New Jersey will know that yours could be an inherited disorder. Apart from this, they will carry out a physical examination that will entail direct observation of the aching veins. A patient has to stand up or sit down with their legs dangling so that the best laser for spider veins doctor can see the bulges. After this, a medical test like the Duplex ultrasound test will be carried out as it will let the best laser for spider veins expert see the inner structures of your veins. If there is a problem, the right medical measures will be taken to remove them.
Can venous insufficiency be cured?
As stated earlier, the condition can be cured if it is discovered early. As long as you don’t wait too long to meet your best laser for spider veins specialist, your condition can be managed successfully. The technique that can easily work is to close damaged veins forever and re-direct blood to healthy veins. This will enhance blood circulation and minimize or get rid of the symptoms you have now. Today there are advanced treatment techniques that work better than vein stripping surgery. These are minimally-invasive methods, meaning that those who are treated through them heal faster.
These do not involve invasive surgery at all as all your vein doctor New Jersey will do is to give you a local anesthetic shot to eliminate pain. Moreover, you will receive treatment in the doctor’s office and no hospitalization will be necessary. In about fifteen to thirty minutes, any of these treatments will be over. The leading venous insufficiency treatment techniques offered by the best laser for spider veins clinics include the following:
- Sclerotherapy – This entails a medical injection that is given directly into the vein that is causing problems. It causes that vein to collapse and close, forcing the blood to locate a new path via a healthier vein.
- Radio frequency ablation – Popularly called RFA, this technique is one of the best when it comes to treating big varicose veins. In this one, a vein doctor New Jersey will use radio waves energy to heat an unhealthy vein. This will also cause the blood to find a new path. RFA has fewer side effects and can be over ninety percent effective if done by the right provider of the best laser for spider veins.
- Endovenous laser therapy – This is a treatment option provided when varicose veins are small. It uses laser light heat to destroy these small varicose veins for good. If the best laser for spider veins is used, these varicose veins can be eliminated forever. This is the technique that is known to cause the fewest side effects
- Venaseal – This is known as the vein glue approach and it is among the newest venous insufficiency treatments. A special sealant is used to stop blood from flowing through varicose veins. When done by a professional vein doctor New Jersey, Venaseal truly works.
If the above-mentioned minimally-invasive techniques do not work, the selected vein doctor New Jersey can decide to perform vein stripping surgery or ambulatory phlebectomy. These are invasive techniques that are hardly performed these days. If the best laser for spider veins specialist must do surgery, they will hospitalize a patient overnight or longer to get them ready for it. Recovery period is longer, explaining why most doctors will avoid surgery until it can’t be avoided.
Conservative ways to managed venous insufficiency
Just like any other disease, a venous reflux disease can be managed at home using easy tactics. For instance, you can avoid standing up or sitting down for several hours. This can strain your leg veins a lot and cause ankle swelling. Instead of sitting or standing for too long, try to take a break every thirty minutes to improve blood circulation. Another way to manage your condition is to wear compression stockings.
These are known to compress your lower leg and boost blood flow. Every day after work, try to elevate your legs to reduce swelling and boost blood flow. If you exercise every day, especially if you walk, you will lose weight and hardly need the best laser for spider veins. Your spider veins might go away without treatment and your varicose veins might hurt less. Finally, make sure you treat your ulcers according to your doctor’s instructions and if something strange happens, give them a call right away.
Venous insufficiency can be treated, as you can see, and there is no reason not to meet a good vein doctor New Jersey now. If you have varicose veins, chances are that the underlying cause is this vein problem and your chances of recovery depend on how fast you can act upon it.