The Complete Guide to Varicose Vein Treatment Options
More than 50 percent of Americans develop varicose veins at some point in their lives. The condition first becomes visible beneath the surface of your skin, and as it worsens, the vessels begin to bulge against your skin. The thick, twisted veins are often uncomfortable, and many people feel self-conscious about their appearance when leg veins start to swell. Unfortunately, it is common for sufferers to avoid getting treatment, because they believe the only solution is invasive vein stripping surgery.
The good news is that varicose vein treatment options have come a long way in recent years, and there are a variety of minimally-invasive procedures available. It is no longer necessary to see a vascular surgeon to treat varicose veins. Your vein doctor in New York or vein doctor in New Jersey can solve the problem on-site and have you back on your feet in under an hour.
What Causes Varicose Veins?
Varicose veins can develop for a variety of reasons, but the most common – and the most underdiagnosed – is an underlying vein disease called Chronic Venous Insufficiency (CVI). This condition prevents veins from functioning properly.
Your veins play a critical role in your circulatory system. Once your arteries have delivered oxygenated blood to all of the cells in your body, veins are responsible for moving the deoxygenated blood back to your heart. From there, it is pumped to your lungs to pick up a fresh supply of oxygen.
Veins have a difficult job, because they are working against gravity to move blood from the lower half of your body to your heart. Fortunately, these blood vessels have a series of tiny one-way valves to help the process along. The valves open to allow blood to flow towards the heart, then close to prevent it from leaking backwards.
When the valves become damaged due to injury or disease, blood trickles backwards. This creates pressure inside your veins, which harms the vein wall. As blood continues to collect in the lower half of your body, the pressure grows. More valves are damaged, and the veins start to swell and thicken, eventually developing into varicose veins that protrude against your skin.
If the vein disease is left untreated, you will start to notice additional symptoms. For example, swelling, heaviness, and cramps in your legs are common issues. Some patients experience the discomfort of Restless Leg Syndrome, and others see changes in their skin. In serious situations, skin can become permanently discolored and damaged, opening you up to a variety of other potential problems.
How Is Vein Disease Treated?
One of the most amazing things about your circulatory system is that if one vein closes, blood is automatically rerouted through other, healthier veins. The most effective method of treating vein disease and reducing the discomfort and appearance of varicose veins is to seal off unhealthy veins, allowing for the natural rerouting process to take place. This eliminates unsightly varicose veins, as the tissue from the closed vein is eventually reabsorbed by your body.
Today’s varicose vein treatments do not require in-patient surgery. Instead, your vein doctor completes the treatment at your vein treatment clinic. No general anesthesia is required, and the treatments are virtually pain-free. This is a big change from the traditional treatment for varicose veins, which required invasive surgery.
Most procedures take an hour or less, depending on the number of treated varicose veins, and you can expect to return to your normal activities within a day or two. During recovery, you may be asked to refrain from long periods of sitting or standing, and you may need to wear compression stockings for a short period to encourage strong circulation. Often, your vein specialist will ask you to avoid strenuous exercise until after your follow-up appointment.
What Are the Most Effective Varicose Vein Treatment Options?
The objective of all varicose vein treatments is the same: to permanently close the unhealthy vein. The biggest difference in the various vein treatment options is how the veins are closed. These are the most common procedures:
- Sсlеrоthеrару – This method uses a medical injection to seal unhealthy veins.
- Radiofrequency Ablаtіоn (RFA) – This option relies on thermal, heat-based energy to seal diseased veins.
- Endоvеnоuѕ Laser Ablаtіоn (EVLA) – With the help of ultrasound guidance, a laser fiber is inserted into the vein and laser energy is used to close it.
- VenaSeal – A special medical adhesive is applied to seal the varicose vein.
- Clarivein – Medication is delivered to the unhealthy vein through the use of a tiny rotating catheter.
- Varithena – This procedure relies on an injection of foam-based medication to seal the diseased vein.
- Ambulatory Phlebectomy – Varicose veins are removed through a small incision in the skin.
All of these treatment methods have been proven safe and effective. Your vein doctor in NY or vein doctor in NJ will work with you to understand the nuances of your particular situation, then you will decide together which treatment method is best for you.
The Vein Treatment Clinic offers you some of the most highly-qualified vein specialists in the country. They are Board Certified and educated at the nation’s top medical schools. Each has the experience and expertise necessary to ensure that your diagnosis is complete and accurate, and that you receive the right treatment to fit your unique needs.