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What Causes Varicose Veins? Top Causes and Treatments

April 7, 2019

Advice From Our Diplomat-Certified Doctors

What Causes Varicose Veins? A Brief Explanation of Venous Insufficiency:

Varicose veins are often caused by an underlying disease called venous insufficiency. Also known as varicosites, varicose veins are bulging, often torturous (twisted) veins that are visible on the lower extremities. Varicose veins are unhealthy veins that emerge as a result of high pressure in veins slightly deeper within the leg. To understand what causes varicose veins, you have to know a little bit more about the circulation.

What Causes Varicose Veins?

It is essential to have a firm grasp of the mechanics of normal blood flow in your legs to explain what causes varicose veins. The veins in your legs have one basic function, and that is to return your blood to the heart to be oxygenated. The flow moves from your feet back to your heart. In each vein are several  one-way doors called valves. When everything is working normally the blood flows smoothly through the valves, and each valve closes so there is no backflow of blood down to the feet. Over time, however, the valve is weakened, and the door does not completely close. The result is that the blood flows backward and pools. Eventually, the excess of blood in the pooling area pushes on the wall of the vein, causing it to bulge increasingly. If the condition is not treated the situation grows more acute. In response to the increasing pressure, your body grows unhealthy new veins, often close to the surface of the skin. This condition is what is commonly known as varicose veins.

Why Did I Develop this Condition?

What causes varicose veins is directly related to your overall health. Knowing these few factors can help you control and alleviate the condition.

Varicose veins is a genetic condition, meaning if your mother or father have varicose veins, you are more likely to develop them. Knowing your family history with varicose veins and vein disease can help you take precautions, such as regular exercise and a healthy weight.

-People who are overweight and do not exercise regularly are at risk for venous reflux. Losing weight will help you minimize the risk of developing more varicose veins; however, it will not eliminate those that you already have.

-Career choices can also influence the likelihood of developing varicose veins. For certain jobs, it is imperative for people to remain on their feet for long periods of time. Waitresses, store clerks, and teachers are among the professions with increased likelihood of varicose veins. If you are among these professions, it would be beneficial if you could set some time aside within your daily activities to elevate your feet; this will reduce the effect of this condition.

-It is well documented that women and especially women who are pregnant are at risk of developing varicose veins. 

One very effective method for relief is wearing of compression stockings. At first, this may seem to be counter-intuitive, but the steady pressure of these stockings will give support to the walls of your veins, therefor improving your blood flow.

Another measure to avoid the symptoms of condition is to wear loose clothing. Avoid tight waistbands and constrictions in other areas. You need to maximize the flow of blood throughout your body.

Varicose veins – Blog background photo – Vein Treatment Clinic in NY

What Symptoms Will I Experience If I do not Seek Treatment?

Now that you understand what causes varicose veins, you will have a better understanding of the symptoms that develop. As the veins enlarge due to the backflow of blood, they can press on nearby nerves causing pain, throbbing, and cramping. Your legs may feel as if you are carrying excess weight or they may make you feel tired. You might have noticed that these symptoms are more pronounced at the end of the day, especially if you have been on your feet for hours or in the heat. The more technical term for varicose veins is venous reflux/venous insufficiency.

Book a Consultation

Scheduling a consultation with one of our vein treatment experts is one of the best ways to determine the proper resolution for your varicose veins. The treatments can include sclerotherapy, laser or radiofrequency ablation, a medication called Varithena, or procedures such as Venaseal, or Clarivein.

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What are the Top 5 Effective Treatments for Varicose Veins?

While many people are able to contain the damage of this ailment, many need to seek medical intervention because their symptoms significantly interfere with the quality of their life. Vein Treatment Specialists are best suited to first diagnose the condition and then make treatment suggestions to alleviate the symptoms and in many cases to reverse the progress of the disease. A well trained vein doctor will focus on a minimally-invasive, painless and zero downtime procedure. The range of treatments at The Vein Treatment Center has been designed to meet your needs. These specialists will first assess your health and then suggest the most suitable treatments based on your individual situation. Factors that will affect this decision process are the severity of the condition, genetics, current medications taken, and lifestyle factors.

1) Sclerotherapy

If you seek assistance early in the progress of developing varicose veins on legs, you will be able to try sclerotherapy. The procedure consists of the injection of a medicine called sclerosant into the lining of the vein, this will cause the vein to collapes, stick together, and the blood to clot. Eventually, the body will form scar tissue in this area. Over time, it will dissappear. 

2) Radiofrequency Ablation: RFA

This procedure uses heat energy to damage the vein so that it closes causing the blood flow to stop. It can be used to treat major varicose veins on legs.  A small incision is made for the 7 cm fiber to be inserted into the vein. It is through this fiber that the thermal energy is released. Due to this minimally invasive technique, there is minimal discomfort afterward. Over time, the damaged vein will be entirely absorbed by the body. You will notice the area will gradually reduce in size and color. The success rate for this treatment is 95%. This procedure is painless and requires zero downtime. 

3) Varithena

In this procedure, a premade foam is injected into the vein. This medicine will reduce the symptoms and the appearance of varicose veins. One advantage of this method is that there is no need for anesthesia

4) Venaseal

Venaseal or vein glue is a revolutionary and newly approved treatment.  It is used for varicose veins that are near the surface of the skin. A glue is introduced to the vein without anesthesia through just one incision. The glue is effective within seconds, sealing off the vein completely. The area will harden but then be gradually absorbed into the body. The body reroutes the blood from this damaged area into the surrounding healthy veins. The success rate is an astounding 99%.

5) Clarivein

This is the latest treatment of varicose veins. Its advantages are that the treatment is more effectively and quickly completed. The procedure consists of introducing a rotating catheter into the damaged vein. An FDA approved medicine (called STD) is injected as the catheter is withdrawn. Its main advantage is that only 1 injection is required.The medicine that is injected disrupts the lining of the vein which promotes the use of sclerosants to close the vein. Again, the body absorbs the damaged area over time.

If you’re looking for the best varicose vein clinic near me, you must consider several crucial factors and qualities. This article helps you find the best vein doctors and vein centers.
Meet our diplomat-certified team

Dr. Michael Nguyen

VENOUS SPECIALIST | Harvard Medical School

Dr. Michael Nguyen is a world renowned and Harvard trained vein specialist in Manhattan. He leads the team of vein doctors offering the highest level of care at the Spider and Varicose Vein Treatment Center in New York & New Jersey.

As a pioneer in the treatment of varicose veins problems, Dr. Nguyen is considered a top vein expert for developing minimally invasive and customized treatment plans for the many symptoms of venous insufficiency, including leg cramps, skin discoloration on legs, spider vein removal, and restless leg syndrome.

Dr. Michael Nguyen
Meet our diplomat-certified team

Dr. Caroline Novak

Venous Specialist | NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY

Dr. Caroline Novak is a double Board Certified vein specialist in Paramus and Clifton, NJ. Dr. Novak is well known for continuously performing the best treatment for spider veins and varicose vein removal in the New Jersey area. She is committed to developing long lasting relationships with her patients, allowing her to personalize a varicose and spider veins treatment plan that successfully meets her patients' goals.

At her Clifton and Paramus vein clinic, Dr. Novak utilizes the latest and most advanced technology to restore patients back to health without unnecessary surgery, and with minimal to no downtime.

There are a variety of minimally-invasive varicose vein treatment options available. Your vein doctor can perform the procedure on-site and have you back on your feet in under an hour.
Meet our diplomat-certified team

Dr. Sareh Rajaee

Venous Specialist | BROWN UNIVERSITY

Dr. Sareh Rajaee is a Board Certified Vascular Surgeon and Vein Disease specialist. She is highly sought after for his expertise and excellent outcomes in spider veins and varicose vein removal. She is proud to serve the New York community at our vein clinic in Manhattan, and the New Jersey community in Clifton & Paramus.

Our vein clinics offer FREE insurance verification– most vein treatments are covered by all major medical insurances, including Medicare.

There are a variety of minimally-invasive varicose vein treatment options available. Your vein doctor can perform the procedure on-site and have you back on your feet in under an hour.
Meet our diplomat-certified team

Dr. Todd Kobrinski

Vein Specialist | GEORGE WASHINGTON UNIVERSITY

Dr. Todd’s goal as a vein treatment doctor is to help patients achieve the best quality of life. After learning about you, how vein disease is affecting you and why, he is able to craft a customized treatment plan for your spider and varicose veins.

Our vein clinics offer FREE insurance verification– most vein treatments are covered by all major medical insurances, including Medicare.

There are a variety of minimally-invasive varicose vein treatment options available. Your vein doctor can perform the procedure on-site and have you back on your feet in under an hour.
Meet our diplomat-certified team

Dr. Juan Montoya

VASCULAR SPECIALIST | Yale Medical School

Dr. Montoya is a Vein Specialist and Vascular doctor in New York. He is highly sought after for his expertise and excellent outcomes in cardiac surgery, and is now proud to serve the Vein Clinics in Manhattan, NY.

Dr. Montoya performs the latest minimally-invasive vein treatments to treat Chronic Venous Insufficiency; a condition that leads to spider veins and varicose veins, along with symptoms such as leg cramping, pain, and fatigue.

Dr. Juan Montoya
Meet our diplomat-certified team

Dr. Carly Guthrie

VENOUS SPECIALIST | Harvard Medical School

Dr. Carly Guthrie is the co-director of the Spider and Varicose Vein Treatment Clinic in San Diego. Dr. Guthrie is a double Board-Certified vein specialist, and is regarded as one of the top interventional ultrasonographers in the country. In her years of training and on staff at Harvard, she worked with the top venous specialists in the world, attending some of the most complex cases. Her areas of expertise include radiofrequency ablation using ultrasound guidance, sclerotherapy, phlebectomy, and the newly approved VenaSeal technique for treatment of venous insufficiency and varicose veins.

Dr. Guthrie is focused on bringing the newest and most-advanced treatments to Southern California in order to decrease recovery times and improve patient satisfaction.

Dr. Carly Guthrie - Vein Doctor called phlebologist
Meet our diplomat-certified team

Dr. Billy Schoenfeld

VENOUS SPECIALIST | Harvard Medical School

Dr. Schoenfeld has advanced training in ultrasound and venous access, having treated thousands of patients in his career. He is a specialist in the treatment of venous insufficiency and varicose veins, including ultrasound guided radiofrequency ablation, sclerotherapy, and phlebectomy.

Dr. Schoenfeld is focused on introducing new therapies to San Diego, such as the recently FDA-approved VenaSeal procedure for treatment of varicose veins. During his training at Harvard he worked with the best doctors in venous medicine and is now devoted to bringing those state-of-the-art technologies and treatments to Southern California.

Dr. Billy Schoenfeld
Meet our diplomat-certified team

Dr. Calvin Jung

New York University

Dr Calvin Jung is the director and clinical trainer for the Vein Clinics of Houston, Texas. Dr. Jung focuses in minimally invasive treatments for spider vein and varicose vein removal. Most vein treatments are covered by major medical insurances, including Medicare.

Dr. Calvin JUng – Vein Doctor Tx
Meet our diplomat-certified team

Dr. Jasmine Koo

VENOUS SPECIALIST | UNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON

Dr. Jasmine specializes in minimally invasive treatments for spider and varicose vein removal in San Diego, California. Her areas of expertise include Sclerotherapy treatment, radiofrquency ablation, and VenaSeal treatment for chronic venous insufficiency.

Our Vein Clinic San Diego offers FREE insurance verification– most vein treatments are covered by all major medical insurances, including Medicare.

Dr. Jasmine Koo
Meet our diplomat-certified team

Dr. Polina Kyriakides

VENOUS SPECIALIST | JOHN HOPKINS UNIVERSITY

Our vein doctor in Texas, Dr. Polina Kyriakides, has 19 years of experience with vascular disease and spider and varicose vein treatment. Her clinical skilled is matched by her kindness and compassionate bedside manner.

Dr. Jasmine Koo
Meet our diplomat-certified team

Dr. Amanda Steinberger

VENOUS SPECIALIST | Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine

Dr. Steinberger has a great passion for the treatment of chronic venous insufficiency, which is demonstrated by her technical precision, unparalleled bedside manner, and extraordinary results. She is board certified in Interventional Radiology and Diagnostic Radiology by the American Board of Radiology.

Dr. Jasmine Koo
Meet our diplomat-certified team

Dr. Thomas Arnold

Vein Doctor | Pennsylvania University

Dr. Thomas Arnold has significant experience with thousands of procedures performed for spider and varicose vein removal. He is adept at ultrasound guided procedures and cutting-edge vein treatment methods for vein disease.

Dr. Jasmine Koo
Meet our diplomat-certified team

Dr. Kamran Saraf

Vein Doctor | Georgetown University

Dr. Kamran provides treatments to relief the symptoms of chronic venous insufficiency; a condition commonly known for causing spider and varicose veins, leg heaviness, swelling and discomfort amongst other symptoms. Dr. Kamran is known as a top varicose vein specialist for his excellent outcomes and extraordinary patient care.

Dr. Jasmine Koo
Meet our diplomat-certified team

Dr. Walter Lech

Vein Doctor | Harvard Medical School

Dr. Lech’s advanced technical skills are rivaled only by his empathetic, patient-centric approach to care. For the past several years, he has applied the same detail-oriented, compassionate treatment philosophy to patients suffering with chronic venous and lymphatic disorders.

Dr. Jasmine Koo
Meet our diplomat-certified team

Dr. Mitchell Karmel

Venous Specialist | Harvard Medical School

Dr. Karmel is triple board certified with extensive experience in vascular imaging. He completed a radiology residency at Cornell Hospitals, where he served as chief resident. Dr. Karmel completed a two-year fellowship in Cardiovascular/Interventional Radiology at Harvard Medical School rotating though Brigham and Women’s Hospital, The Dana Farber Cancer Institute, and Boston Children’s Hospital. He has vast experience in vascular procedures and is coauthor on several peer reviewed papers and presentations.

Dr. Jasmine Koo
Dr. Nguyen
Dr. Caroline Novak
Dr. Caroline Novak
Dr. Caroline Novak
Dr. Juan Montoya
Dr. Carly Guthrie
Dr. Billy Schoenfeld
Dr.-Jung-_-vein-specialist-houston
Dr. Jasmine Koo
Dr. Jasmine Koo
Dr. Jasmine Koo
Dr. Jasmine Koo
Dr. Jasmine Koo
Dr. Jasmine Koo
Dr. Jasmine Koo
Dr. Nguyen
Dr. Caroline Novak
Dr. Caroline Novak
Dr. Caroline Novak
Dr. Juan Montoya
Dr. Carly Guthrie
Dr. Billy Schoenfeld
Dr.-Jung-_-vein-specialist-houston
Dr.-Jung-_-vein-specialist-houston

Michael
Nguyen MD

Triple Certified
Harvard Medical School

Dr. Michael Nguyen is a world renowned and Harvard trained vein specialist, leading the Spider and Varicose Vein Treatment Center in New York. Dr. Nguyen has been a pioneer in the treatment of varicose veins problems, as well as the many signs of venous insufficiency, including: leg cramps, painful varicose veins, leg swelling, restless leg, and skin discoloration on legs.
Read more >>

Caroline
Novak MD

GEORGE WASHINGTON UNIVERSITY

Dr. Todd’s goal as a vein treatment doctor is to help patients achieve the best quality of life. After learning about you, how vein disease is affecting you and why, he is able to craft a customized treatment plan for your spider and varicose veins.
Our vein clinics offer FREE insurance verification– most vein treatments are covered by all major medical insurances, including Medicare.
Read more >>

Sareh
Rajaee MD

BROWN UNIVERSITY

Dr. Sareh Rajaee is a Board Certified Vascular Surgeon and Vein Disease specialist. She is highly sought after for his expertise and excellent outcomes in spider veins and varicose vein removal. She is proud to serve the New York community at our vein clinic in Manhattan, and the New Jersey community in Clifton & Paramus.
Our vein clinics offer FREE insurance verification– most vein treatments are covered by all major medical insurances, including Medicare.
Read more >>

Todd
Kobrinski MD

BROWN UNIVERSITY

Dr. Todd’s goal as a vein treatment doctor is to help patients achieve the best quality of life. After learning about you, how vein disease is affecting you and why, he is able to craft a customized treatment plan for your spider and varicose veins.
Our vein clinics offer FREE insurance verification– most vein treatments are covered by all major medical insurances, including Medicare.
Read more >>

Juan
Montoya MD

NYC VEIN SPECIALIST
YALE MEDICAL SCHOOL

Dr. Montoya is a Vein Specialist and Vascular doctor in Manhattan. He is considered one of the best spider vein doctors in Manhattan, having successfully restored thousands of patients back to health, by implementing cutting edge treatments such as radiofrequency ablation, VenaSeal, and sclerotherapy for spider veins.
Read more >>

Carly
Guthrie MD

Double Certified
Harvard Medical School

Dr. Guthrie is the co-director of the Spider and Varicose Vein Treatment Clinic in San Diego. She is recognized as one of the best varicose vein doctors in SD, and has developed a career specializing in minimally invasive varicose vein treatment options.

Read more >>

Billy
Schoenfeld MD

Double Certified
Harvard Medical School

Dr. Schoenfeld is a specialist in the treatment of venous insufficiency and varicose veins, including ultrasound-guided radiofrequency ablation, sclerotherapy, and phlebectomy for spider vein removal. He also has advanced training in ultrasound and venous access, having treated thousands of patients at the Vein Treatment Center in San Diego, CA.

Read more >>

Calvin
Jung MD

NYU MEDICAL SCHOOL

Dr Calvin Jung is the director and clinical trainer for the Vein Clinics of Houston, Texas. Dr. Jung focuses in minimally invasive treatments for spider vein and varicose vein removal. Most vein treatments are covered by major medical insurances, including Medicare.

Read more >>

Jasmine
Koo MD

UNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON

Dr. Jasmine specializes in minimally invasive treatments for spider and varicose vein removal in San Diego, California. Her areas of expertise include Sclerotherapy treatment, radiofrquency ablation, and VenaSeal treatment for chronic venous insufficiency.

Our Vein Clinic San Diego offers FREE insurance verification– most vein treatments are covered by all major medical insurances, including Medicare.

Read more >>
Book a Consultation

Nationally recognized Vein Treatment Center Introduces New Locations in New York, New Jersey, San Diego, CA and Houston, Texas

These centers will provide the latest and most effective treatments for venous conditions such as varicose veins, spider veins and venous insufficiency. They offer the highest level of care; using the most advanced technology avialable to remove all the symptoms of vein disease with no pain, and zero downtime. The Vein Treatment Center team has been recognized as being among the best in the field. All of their vein doctors are Certified and Ivy-League trained to provide the most effective care in venous diseases. They use state-of-the-art technology to diagnose and treat the many symptoms of Chronic Venous Insufficiency.

Those with venous conditions often suffer from pain, itching, burning, and swelling, usually in the legs. Patients with varicose veins often have protruding dark blue or purple veins that are unsightly as well as painful. Those with venous insufficiency may suffer more serious health issues if they do not receive proper treatment. Other underlying medical conditions may also be present, requiring diagnosis by an expert physician. At Vein Treatment Center, doctors consult with patients and then diagnose their conditions. A personal treatment plan is formulated to address the patient’s particular health needs. 

Most vein treatments are covered by all major medical insurances, including Medicare. Use the vein treatment cost calculator bellow to verify your insurance today, in one easy step!

Varicose Veins are caused by an underlying diseased called venous insufficiency. High pressure in superficial veins leads to the formation of varicosities.

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We are one of the top spider vein and varicose vein treatment centers in the Nation, offering the latest treatments and the most state of the art technology. Our vein treatment center sources the best vein doctors and specialists from around the world.

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What Causes Varicose Veins? Top Causes and TreatmentsNatalia